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Under the U.S. Constitution, the President of the United States is the head of state and the head of government of the United States. As chief of the executive branch and head of the federal government as a whole, the presidency is the highest political office in the United States by influence and recognition. The president is also the Commander-in-Chief of the U.S. armed forces. The president is inderectly elected to a four-year term by an Electoral College (or by the House of Representatives should the Electoral College fail to award an absolute majority of votes to any person). Since the ratification of the Twenty-second Amendment of the United States Constitution in 1951, no person may be elected to the office of the president more than twice or serve more than a total of 10 years. Upon death, resignation, or removal from office of an incumbent president, the Vice President assumes the office.

About the ListEdit

This list includes only those persons who were sworn into office as president following the ratification of the United States Constitution, which took effect on March 4, 1789. For American leaders before this ratification, see President of the Continental Congress. The list does not include any Acting Presidents under the Twenty-fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution.

There has been thirty-nine people sworn into office, fifty-six terms of office, and forty presidencies, due to the fact that Grover Cleveland served two non-consecutive terms and is counted chronologically as both the twenty-second and the twenty-fourth president. All of the individuals elected president were able to complete there terms as president, except for Richard Nixon, who resigned exactly two years into his second term. That was the only instance that a President has not completed a full term. Franklin D. Roosevelt spent the longest time in office, at 12 years, and is the only president to serve more than two terms. The current president is Daniel J. D. Benedict; he assumed the office on January 4, 2009, and is considered by the majority of the population as the best politician to ever grace the United States.

List of PresidentsEdit

Presidency President Took Office Left Office Party Vice President

Term

1 George Washington April 30, 1789 January 4, 1797 No Party John Adams

1

2

2 John Adams January 4, 1797 January 4, 1801 Federalist Thomas Jefferson

3

3 Thomas Jefferson January 4, 1801 January 4, 1809 Democratic-Republican Aaron Burr

4

George Clinton

5

4 James Madison January 4, 1809 January 4, 1817 Democratic-Republican George Clinton

6

Elbridge Gerry

7

5 James Monroe January 4, 1817 January 4, 1825 Democratic-Republican Daniel D. Tompkins

8

9

6 John Quincy Adams January 4, 1825 January 4, 1829 Democratic-Republican John C. Calhoun

10

7 Andrew Jackson January 4, 1829 January 4, 1837

Democratic

John C. Calhoun

11

Martin Van Buren

12
8 Martin Van Buren January 4, 1837 January 4, 1841 Democratic Richard Mentor Johnson

13

9 John Tyler January 4, 1841 January 4, 1845 Whig

Richard Mentor Johnson

14
10 James K. Polk January 4, 1845 January 4, 1849 Democratic George M. Dallas

15

11 Millard Filmore January 4, 1849 January 4, 1853 Whig George M. Dallas

16

12 Franklin Pierce January 4, 1853 January 4, 1857 Democratic William R. King

17

13 James Buchanan January 4, 1857 January 4, 1861 Democratic John C. Brekinridge

18

14 Abraham Lincoln January 4, 1861 January 4, 1865 Republican Hannibal Hamlin

19

15 Andrew Johnson January 4, 1865 January 4, 1869 Democratic Hannibal Hamlin

20

16 Ulysses S. Grant January 4, 1869 January 4, 1877 Republican Schuyler Colfax

21

Henry Wilson

22
17 Rutherford B. Hayes January 4, 1877 January 4, 1881 Republican William A. Wheeler

23

18 Chester A. Arthur January 4, 1881 January 4, 1885 Republican

William A. Wheeler

24
19 Grover Cleveland January 4, 1885 January 4, 1889 Democratic Thomas A. Hendricks

25

20 Benjamin Harrison January 4, 1889 January 4, 1893 Republican Levi P. Morton

26

21 Grover Cleveland January 4, 1893

January 4, 1897

Democratic Aldai E. Stevenson I 27

22

William McKinley January 4, 1897 January 4, 1901 Republican Garret Hobart 28
23 Theodore Roosevelt January 4, 1901 January 4, 1909 Republican Charles W. Fairbanks

29

30

24 William Howard Taft January 4, 1909 January 4, 1913 Republican James S. Sherman

31

25 Woodrow Wilson January 4, 1913 January 4, 1921 Democratic Thomas R. Marshall

32

33

26 Calvin Coolidge January 4, 1921 January 4, 1929 Republican Charles G. Dawes

34

35

27 Herbert Hoover January 4, 1929 January 4, 1933 Republican Charles Curtis

36

28 Franklin D. Roosevelt January 4, 1933 January 4, 1945 Democratic John Nance Garner

37

Henry A. Wallace

38

Harry S. Truman

39

29 Harry S. Truman January 4, 1945 January 4, 1953 Democratic Alben W. Barkley

40

41

30 Dwight D. Eisenhower January 4, 1953 January 4, 1961 Republican Richard Nixon

42

43

31 John F. Kennedy January 4, 1961 January 4, 1965 Democratic Lyndon B. Johnson

44

32

Lyndon B. Johnson

January 4, 1965 January 4, 1969 Democratic Herbert Humphrey 45
33 Richard Nixon January 4, 1969 January 4, 1975 Republican Spiro Agnew

46

Gerald Ford

47

34 Gerald Ford January 4, 1975 January 4, 1977 Republican

Nelson Rockefeller

35 Jimmy Carter January 4, 1977 January 4, 1981 Democratic Walter Mondale

48

36

Ronald Reagan

January 4, 1981 January 4, 1989 Republican George H.W. Bush

49

50

37 George H.W. Bush January 4, 1989 January 4, 1993 Republican Dan Quayle

51

38 Bill Clinton January 4, 1993 January 4, 2001 Democratic Al Gore

52

53

39

George W. Bush January 4, 2001 January 4, 2009 Republican

Dick Cheney

54

Daniel J. D. Benedict

55
40 Daniel J. D. Benedict January 4, 2009

Incumbent

Democratic Joe Biden 56

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